Valley Teen Clinic

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Birth Control

The Pill

What is The Pill and how does it work?

Birth control pills are taken daily and they contain one or two hormones: estrogen and progesterone (also known as the combined or combination pill) or progesterone only pills.

The hormones make the female body stop ovulating. They sort of trick your body into thinking it is pregnant when it's NOT!


What are my chances of not getting pregnant by using The Pill?


If taken correctly-- one taken everyday at exactly the same time-- they are 99% effective. That means that 1 out of 1,000 women on the Pill will get pregnant during their first year of taking the Pill.

If not taken correctly, they go down to 95% effective. That means that about 20 women out of 1,000 on the Pill will get pregnant during their first year of taking the Pill.


Are there any side effects from using The Pill?


Most side effects go away within the first three months. These include breast tenderness, nausea, moodiness, depression, irregular bleeding or spotting, slight weight gain, change in appetite, change in sexual desire and yeast infections.


What are the Pros of using The Pill?

  • Lighter and/or shorter periods.
  • Less cramping during periods.
  • Easy to take.
  • Does not interrupt sex.
  • Helps prevent PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease).
  • May lower chances of getting endometrial and ovarian cancers.


What are the Cons of using The Pill?

  • No protection against any STDs or HIV.
  • If you forget to take them everyday, you run the risk of getting pregnant.
  • Not recommended for women that smoke.